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i

SCIENCE

A WEEKLY JOURNAL DEVOTED TO THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE, PUBLISH- INQ THE OFFICIAL NOTICES AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE.

NEW SERIES. VOLUME XIX.

JANUARY -JUNE, 1904.

NEW YORK

THE MACMILLAN COMPANY?

1904

THE NEW ERA PRINTING COMPANY,

41 North Queen Street.

Lancaster, Pa.

CONTENTS AND INDEX.

N. S. VOL. XIX. JANUARY TO JUNE, 1904

The Names of OorUributora are Printed in Small Capitals.

A., J. A., Palmer's Index Generum Mammalium,

498 Academies, Int. Assoc, of, 930 Adams, J., Vegetable Balls, 926 Adaptation, Organic, C. W. Habgitt, 132 Aeroplane, Wright's, 269; H. H. Clayton, 76 Agricultural Colleges and Exper. Stations, E. W.

AlXEN, 61 Agriculture, Department of, 635 Albino Brook Trout, C. R. Pettis, 867 AT.T.F.y, E. W., Assoc. Am. Agric. Colleges and

Exper. Stations, 61 American Association for the Advancement of Sci- ence, President's Address, 1; Botany, 11, 165; Proceedings of the St. Louis Meeting, C. S. Howe, 81; Chemistry, 88, 441; Geology and Geography, 121, 178, 521; Mathematics and Astronomy, 161, 401 ; Physics, 201 ; Zoology, 210; Membership, 257; Social and Economic Science, 281 ; Mech. Sci. and Engineering, 321, 361; Anthropology, 449; Philosophical So- ciety, 713 Ames, J. S., Experimental Physics, A. Kundt, 730 Amitosis in the Egg Follicle Cells of Insects,

V. F. Kellogg, 392 Analysts, Public, R. 0. Bbooks, 465 Andrews, W. S., Fluorescence and Phosphores- cence, 435 Animal Behavior, A. W. Weysse, 965 Anthropological Society of Washington, W. Hough. 27, 70, 149, 381, 457, 616, 660, 699 Anthropology, and Psychology, N. Y. Acad. Sci., J. E. Lough, 106, 335, 578, 890, 95Q; at the Am. Assoc., G. H. Pepper, 449 Arnold, R., Marine Pliocene and Pleistocene of

San Pedro, Cal., J. C. Merriam, 540 Astronomical and Astrophysical Soc. of Am., W.

S. Eichelberger, 296 Astronomy, Physics and Chemistry at the N. Y. Acad, of Sci., C. C. Trowbridge, 226, 582, 825 Atkinson, G. P., Convocation Week, 431 Audition, Tests of, I. M. Bentley, 929 Australasian Association, P. Marshall, 536

B., F. A., The Term ' Bradfordian,' 434; Titles of

Papers, 702 Bauey, E. H. S., Convocation Week, 341 Bancroft, W. D., Convocation Week, 264 Banks, N., Notes on Entomology, 470 Barometer, the Word, J. C. Shedd, 108 Baskerville, C, Elements, Verified and Unveri- fied, 88 ; Titles of Papers, 702 ; Thorium, 892 Bauer, M., Mineralogy, G. F. K., 823 Beal, W. J., Convocation Week, 797 Beecher, Charles Emerson, W. H. Dall, 453

Behr, Hans Hermann, A. Eastwood, 636 Belgian Antarctic Expedition, W. H. Dall, 656 Bell, A. G., Multi-nipple Sheep, 767 Benjamin, C. H., Smoke Prevention, 488 Benjamin, M., Convocation Week, 310 Bentley, I. M., Tests of Audition, 959 Bessey, C. E., Botanical Notes, 36, 315, 768, 868,

963; Convocation Week, 429 Bessey, E. A., Organization und Physiologic der

Cyanophyceenzelle, E. G. Kohl, 260 Bigelow, F. H., The New Cosmical Meteorology, 30 Bigelow, M. a.. Biology at the N. Y. Acad, of Sci.,

307, 503 Bigelow, S. L., The Modem Laboratory, 641 Binet's L'ann^ psychologique, E. B. Delababre,

298 Biological, Society of Washington, F. A. Lucas, 26, 70; W. H. Osgood, 546, 615, 700, 857; Survey of Waters of S. Cal., C. A. Kofoid, 505; Station, Bermuda, E. L. Mark, C. L. Bristol, 709; Laboratory of Bureau of Fish- eries, 770 Biologists, American, Strictures on, L. Stejneger,

371 Biology, and Mtedicine, Exper., Soc. for, W. J. GiES, 104, 459, 828; Acad. Sci. and Art, Pitts- burg, F. S. Webster, 191, 585, 827, N. Y. Acad, of Sci., M. A. Bigelow, 307, 503 Blain, Jb., a. W., Mich. Ornithological Club, 108 Blakeslee, a. F., Zygospore Formation, 864 Botanical, Notes, C. E. Bessey, 36, 315, 768, 868, 963; Club, Torrey, F. S. Eable, 71, 309; M. A. Howe, 793; T. E. Hazen, 824; Society of Washington, H. J. Webbeb, 71, 337; Cabl S. ScoFiELD, 823; Garden, Missouri, 237; Work in the Philippines, 516; Society of America, 1). T. MacDougal, 888 Botany, Twentieth Century, B. T. Galloway, 11; at the Am. Assoc, F. E. Lloyd, 165; Crypto- gamic, of Harriman Expedition, L. M. Un-

DEBWOOD, 917

' Bradfordian,' The Term, F. A. B., 434

Bbadley, H. C., Zinc in Certain Invertebrates, 196

Braj^neb, J. C, Convocation Week, 386

Brazil, in Ancient Cartography, O. A. Debby, 681

British Association, 771

Bbitton, N. L., The Honeysuckles, A. Rehder, 145

Bbooks, a. H., Geological Society of Washington,

24, 304, 459, 502, 544, 733, 794, 856, 921 Bbooks, R. O., 'Public Analysts,' 465 BuBBiLL, J. H., Degrees for Scientific Work, 820

C, T. D. A., Palmer Hall, Colorado College, 475 Cameron, F. K.. Soil Investigation, 343 Carnegie Institution, 37, 238, 268, 596, 965

'0

>

IV

SCIENCE.

POOKXK L IKJ

^\'

Case, E. C, Nature Study, 560

Castle, W. £., Sex in Bees and Ants, 389

Castle and the Dzierzon Theory, W. M. Wheeusb,

587 Catalogue of Scientific Literature, 66, 147, 334,

860, 886 Cattell, J. McK., Degrees for Scientific Work, 814 Cephalaspis and Drepanaspis, C. R. Eastmait, 703 .Chapman, F. M., The Case of William J. Long, 387 Chemical SSociety, of Washington, A. Seidell, 25, 69, 306, 429, 583, 618, 758; American, N. C. Section, C. D. Habbis, 67; New York Section, H. C. Sherman, 68, 227, 618, 696, 923; North- eastern Section, A. M. Comet, 191, 339, 547, 619, 698, 796; Cornell Section, W. C. Geeb, 858 Chemistry, Inorganic, Notes on, J. L. H., 270, 394, 513; at the Am. Assoc., G. B. FRANKroBTEB, 441 Chemists, Official Agricultural, Association of, 116; Technical, Training of, J. B. F. Hebbes- HOFF, T. J. Pabkeb, M. C. Whitakeb, W. McMuBTBiE, E. Hart, W. A. Notes, C. F. Chandleb, a. a. Notes, H. P. Talbot, W. J.

SCHIEFFELIN, H. SCHWEITZEB, M. ToCH, M. T. BOOEBT, 561

Chittenden, F. H., Economic Zoology, F. V. Theo- bald, 65 Cincinnati, University of, and its Presidency, X.,

661 Clabke, J. M., Convocation Week, 231 Clatton, H. H., Wright's Aeroplane, 76 Clements, F. E., Insert Botanical Laboratoiy,

F. V. Coville and D. T. MacDougal, 885 Clemson College Science Club, F. S. Shiveb, 263,

382, 586, 660 Cockebell, T. D. a., Coccidae of the British Isles,

R. Newstead, 501 Cockebell, W. P., Rubber-producing Plant, 314 Cohen, S. S., Biographic Clinics, G. M. Gould, 694 Cole, F. N., Am. Math. Soc., 101, 462, 792 College Entrance Requirements, J. G. Needham,

650 Colorado College, Palmer Hall, T. D. A. C, 475 Comet a 1904, E. Hates, 833 Comet, A. M., Northeastern Section Am. Chem.

Soc, 191, 339, 547, 619, 698, 796 Concilium Bibliographicum, 802 CoNBADi, A. F., Odoriferous Secretions, 393 Convocation Week, 41; E. L. Nichols, 192; W. Le C. Stevens, 192; J. S. Kingslet, 194; J. L. Howe, 228; H. W. Wilet, 230; J. M. Clabke, 231; O. T. Mason, 232; T. W. Rioh- ABDS, 263 ; W. D. Bancboft, 264 ; C. W. Hab- gitt, 265 ; C. H. .Hitchcock, 266 ; J. H. Long, 309; M. Benjamin, 310; J. E. Russell, 311; C. M. WooDWABD, 312; E. F. Nichols, 340; E. H. S. Bailet, 341; T. C. Hopkins, 341; T. H. Macbbide, 342; C. S. Howe, 383; J. C. Bbanneb, 383; C. W. Stujcs, 384; C. J. Heb- BiCK, 385; C. E. Besset, 429; G. F. Atkin- son, 431; W. JP. Holland, 433; W. F. Ga- NONO, 463; A. H. Fobd, 464; W. N. RiCE, 648; A. HoLLiCK, 620; E. P. Felt, 622; W. J. Beal, 797 Cook, O. F.. Metcalfs Evolution Catechism, 312; Natural Selection in Kinetic Evolution, 549; Cotton Boll Weevil, 862 Corpuscles, Elliptical Human Red, M. Dbesbach, 469; A. Flint, 796

Cotton Boll W-eevil, O. F. Cook, 862 CouLTEB, J. M., Degrees for Scientific Wor Coville, F. v., and D. T. MacDougal, Oesert ]

ical Laboratory, F. E. Ci^ments, 885 CowLES, H. C, Ecology in 1903, 879 Cbew, H., The Teaching of Physics, 481 Cbook, a. R., Excursion of Geol. Soc. of Ame: Cbowell^ J. F., Atmospheric Nitrogen, 197

cial and Economic bcience at the Am. J

281; Students at German Universities, I Cunningham, J. T., Morgan on Bvolutioi]

Adaptation, 74

Dall, W. H., Charles Emerson Beecher,

Belgian Antarctic Expedition, 656; Nai

gsan or Epigsean, 926 Dall, W. H., Tertiary Fauna of Florida, I

Pilsbbt, 613 Da^'enpobt, C. B., Color Inheritance in Mice,

Wonder Horses and Mendelism, 151 Davis B., Gravitational Constant and Consi

of Ether, 928 Davis, W. H., Natural and Unnatural History Davis, W. M., Geography in the United St;

121, 178 Davison, Alvin, J. P. McM., 22 Dean, B., Traquair on Lower Devonian Fie

64; Evolution and Adaptation, T. H. 2

gan, 221; Palsospondylus, W. J. Sol las

I. B. J. Sollas, 425; An Early Letter by

marck and Geoffrey, 798 Death Gulch, F. W. Tbaphagen, 632 Degrees for Scientific Work, W. Tbelease, D

JoBDAN, C. R. Van Hise, J. McK. Cattj

J. M. Ooulteb, J. H. BuBBiLL, 809 Delababbe, E. B., L'ann^ psychologique^ A. Bi:

298 Dellenbaugh, F. S., Water Supply of the '.

Grande, 505 Dennett, W. S., The Eye, 919 Debby, O. a., Brazil in Ancient Cartography, ( Discussion and Correspondence, 29, 74, 108, 1

192, 228, 263, 309, 340, 383, 429, 463, 5

548, 587, 620, 061, 702, 737, 760, 796, 8

860, 892, 926, 952 Dbesbach, M., Elliptical Human Red CorpuscI

469 DwiOHT, T., LeDouble on the Cranial Bones, S

Eable, S. F., Torrey Botanical Club, 71, 309; I

form of Nomenclature of the Fungi, 508 Eastman, C. R., Recent Zoopaleontology, 39

Cephalaspis and Drepanaspis, 703 Eastwood, A., Hans Hermann Behr, 636 Ecology, Principles of, W. F. Ganong, 493;

1903, H. C. Cowles, 879 Edison Medal, 835 Efficiency, Mental, and Health, R. IVIacDgugal

893 Eichelbeboeb, W. S., Astronomical and Astn

physical Soc. of Am., 296 EiOENMANN, C. H., Leptocephalus of the Conge

Eel, 629 Electrochemistry, Advance of, J. W. Richards, 90 Electron Theory, 896 Elements, Verified and Unverified, C. Baseebvuu

88. Eliot, President, 612, 657 Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society, A. 8. Wheeleb

429, 687, 760 Elbod, M. J., Resources of Montana, 777

NbW SKK1JC8.

Vol. XIX

n

SCIENCE..

Energetics and Mechanics, F. Slate, 510 Engbebg, J. C, Skew Frequency Curves, J. C.

Kapteyn, 575 Entomology, Notes on, N. Banks, 470 Erythrocytes, Elliptical Human, A. Flint, 796 Ewell, E. E., 595, 741

Fakrand, L., Aboriginal American Basketry, 0.

T. Mason, 538 Felt, E. P., Convocation Week, 622 Finches, Wild, Rearing, W. E. D. Scott, 551 Fish New to Florida Waters, H. M. Smith, 314 Fisheries, Bureau of Wood's Hole Laboratory, F.

R. SUMNEB, 241 Flint, A., Elliptical Human Erythrocytes, 796 Fluorescence and Phosphorescence, W. S. Andrews,

435 Flying Machine in the Army, E. W. Sebbell, 952 FoBD, A. H., Convocation Week, 463 ' Formation,' Misuse of, by Ecologists, F. H.

KInowlton, 467 Fossil Fishes in the Am. Museum, 437 Frankfobter, G. B., Chemistry at the American

Association, 441

Gale, H., Minnesota Acad, of Sci., 855 Galloway, B. T., Twentieth Century Botany, 11 Ganong, W. F., Society for Plant Morphology and

Phjrsiology, 413; Convocation Week, 463;

Principles of Ecology, 493; Vegetable Balls,

591 ; Writings of Wm. J. Long, 623 Geeb, W. C, Cornell Section of the Am. Chem.

Soc., 858 Geographic Congress, International, 472 Geography in the United States, W. M. Davis,

121, 178 Geological, Society of America, Excursion of, A.

R, Crook, 197; Society of Washington, A. H.

Bbooks, 24, 304, 459, 502, 544, 733, 794, 856,

921 ; Journal Club of Mass. Inst. Tech., G. F.

LouGHLiN, 307, 586, 736; Survey, 354 Geology, and Geography at the American Assoc.

and Geological Soc. of Am., G. B. Shattuck,

521 ; and Mineralogy, N. Y. Acad, of Sci., E.

0. HovEY, 106, 580, 617, 858, 891 ; of Harri-

man Expedition, I. C. Russell, 783 Geometry, Non-Euclidean, G. B. Halsted, 401 German Universities, Students at, J. F. Cbowell,

594 Gibbons, E. E., The Eye, W. S. Dennett, 919 Gies, W. J., Soc. for Exper. Biol, and Medicine,

104, 459, 828 Gilbert, G. K., Mont Pel^ Spine, 927 Gill, Thec, The Encyclopedia Americana on

Ichthyology, 675 ; * Horses ' not Horses, 737 ;

Non-education of the Young by Parents, 861 GoLTJ>, G. M., Right and Left Eyedness, 591 Gould, G. M., Biographic Clinics, S. S. Cohen,

694 Gravitational Constant and Constants of the

Ether, B. Davis, 928

H., J. L., Notes on Inorganic Chemistry, 270, 394,

513 Hall, A., The Lunar Theory, 150 Halsted, G. B., Non-Euclidean Greometry, 401 Haegitt, C. W., Organic Adaptation, 132; Con- vocation Week, 265 Harriman' Expedition, I. C. Russell, 862 Habris, C. D., N. C. Section, Am. Chem. Soc, 67

Harris, R. A., Measurement of Tides at Sea, 704 Hay, O. p., Soc. of Vertebrate Paleontologists of

America, 253 Hayes, E., Writings of Wm. J. Long, 625; Comet

a 1904, 833 Hazen, T. E., Torrey Botanical Club, 824 Hedgoock, G. G., Rhizoctonia, 268 Heilpbin, a., The Pel6e Tower, 800 Hebbeshoff, J. B. F., and Othebs, The Training

of Technical Chemists, 561 Hebbick, C. J., Zoology at the Amer. Assoc., 210;

Convocation Week, 384 HiLGABD, E. W., Soil Work in the U. S., 233 Hitchcock, C. H., Convocation Week, 266 Holland, W. J., Convocation Week, 433 Holland, W. J., Moth Book, L. O. Howabd, 188 HoLLiCK, A., Convocation Week, 620 Hopkins, C. G., Soil Investigation, 626 Hopkins, T. C, Onondaga Acad, of Sci., 262 ; Con- vocation Week, 341 * Horses ' not Horses, Theo. Gnx, 737 Horticultural Varieties of Common Crops, W. J.

Spillman, 34 Hough, W., Anthropological Society of Washing- ton, 27, 70, 149, 381, 457, 616, 660, 699. HovEY, E. O., Geology and Mineralogy, N. Y. Acad.

Sci., 106, 580, 617, 868, 891 HowABD, L. O., The Moth Book, W. J. Holland,

188; Mosquitoes, F. V. Theobald, 333 Howe, C. S., Proceedings of St. Louis Meeting of

Am. Assoc., 81; Convocation Week, 383 Howe, J. L., Convocation Week, 228 Howe, M. A., Torrey Botanical Club, 793 Hyatt, James, J. J. Schoonho\ten, 635 Hume, A., Science Club of Univ. of Mississippi, 759

Ichthyology, Encyclopedia Americana on, Theo.

Gill, 675; D' S. Jobdan, 767 Indian Tribes of California, C. H. Mebbiam, 912 Inheritance, Color, in Mice, C. B. Davenport, 110 Ion Action, A. S. Loevenhabt, J. H. Kastle, 630 Iowa Academy of Science, H. W. Nobbis, 790

Japanese Brain, Heavy, E. A. Spitzka, 899 Jefb'erson, M. S. W., Scaurs on the River Rouge,

150 Jones H. C, Wilhelm Ostwald, P. Walden, 821 JoBDAN, D. S., Loach from Nanaimo, 634; Ichthy- ology in the * Encyclopedia Americana,' 767 ; Degrees for Scientific Work, 810

K., G. F., Geology of Economic Minerals, F. Miron,

261 ; Mineralogy, M. Bauer, 823 Kahlenbebg, L., Chemie, W. Ostwald, 854 Kapteyn J. C, Skew Frequency Curves, C. C.

Enobebo, 575 Kastle, J. H. and A. S. Loevenhabt, Ion Action,

630 Kellogo, V. L., Amitosis in the Egg Follicle Cells

of Insects, 392 Kent, Wm., Metric System, 767 Kinetic Evolution, O. F. Cook, 549 KiNOSLEY, J. S., Convocation Week, 194; The

Mark Anniversary Volume, 455 KiBKWOOD, J. E., Onondaga Acad, of Sci., 584, 619,

925 Knowlton, F. H., Misuse of ' Formation ' by

Ecologists, 467 KoFOiD, C. A., Biol. Surv. of Waters of S. Cal., 505

VI

it'CIENCE.

[CX>N'nBNTS INDICX

Kohl, E. G., Organization und Physiologic der Cyanophyceenzelle, £. A. Bessby, 260

L., F. A., Paleontological Notes, 436 Labor Problem, H. T. Newcomb, 46 Laboratory, The Modern, 8. L. Bioelow, 641 Lamarck and Geoffroy, an Early Letter by, Bash- ford Dean, 798 Lane, A. C, The Metric System, 389 Langfobd, G., Science Club of Wellesley Col., 339 Leaves, Palisade Tissue and Resinous Deposits in,

E. N. Transeau, 866

LeDouble on the Cranial Bones, T. Dwioht, 302 Lee, F. S., Allgemeine Physiologic, M. Verworn,

189; Physiology in the Int. Catalogue of Sci.

Literature, 886 Lenheb, v., Science Club, University of Wiscon- sin, 149, 339, 620, 759, 832 Leptocephalus of the Conger Eel, C. H. Eigen-

MANN, 629 Levees, Outlets and Reservoirs in the Mississippi

Valley, R. S. Taylob, 601 L^vy-Bruhl, L., Positive Philosophy of Auguste

Comte, L. F. Ward, 376 LiNDSEY, E., Reddish-brown Snowfall, 893 Lloyd, F. E., Botany at the Am. Assoc, 165 Loach from Nanaimo, D. S. Jordan, 634 LoEVENHART, A. S., and J. H. Kastle, Ion Action,

630 Long, J. H., Convocation Week, 309 Long, Wm. J., Science, Nature and Criticism, 760 Long, Wm. J., Writings of, W. M. Wheeler, 347 ;

F. M. Chapman, 387; W. F. Ganong, 623; E. Hayes, 626 ; W. H. Davis, 667

Lough, J. E., N. Y. Acad, of Sci., Anthropology

and Psychology, 106, 335, 678, 890, 950 Louohlin, G. F., Mass. Institute of Technology

Geol. Journal Club, 307, 586, 736 LooMis, E. H., Noyes on Physical Science, 102 Lucas, F. A., Biological Society of Washington,

26, 70 Lunar Theory, A. Hall, 150 Lyon, E. P., Rhythms of COj Production during

Cleavage, 350

M., Anatomy, Human, in the Int. Catalogue of

Sci. Literature, 147 M., C. E., Light Waves, A. A. Michelson, 380; Literature of the Spectroscope, A. Tuckeb- MANN, 380 Macbride, T. H., Convocation Week, 342 MacDougal, D. T., Botanical Soc. of America, 888 MacDougall, R., The Sense of Time, 707; Mental

Efficiencv and Health, 893 Magruder, W. T., Mech. Sci. and Engineering at

the American Association, 361 Mark, E. L., Bermuda Biological Station, 709 Mark, E. L., Anniversary Volume, J. S. Kings- ley, 465 Marshall, P.. Australasian Association. 636 Mason, O. T., Convocation Week ; 232 ; Blackening

of Teeth, 926 Mason, O. T., American Basketry, L. Farrand, 638 Mathematicnl Society, American, F. N. Cole, 101, 462, 792; Snn Francisco Section, G. A. Mil- ler, 148, 855 Mathematics, and Astronomy at the Am. Assoc, L. G. Weld, 161 ; and Engineering, C. A. Waldo, 321

Mechanical Science and Engineering at the .

Assoc., W. T. Magbudeb, 361 Medical Association, American, 961 Meltzeb, S. J., Vitalism and Mechanism in £

ogy and Medicine, 18 Mendelism and Wonder Horses, C. B. Dayenf

151 Mebbiam, C. H., Indian Tribes of California, >1£BBIAM, J. C, Marine Pliocene and Pleistoc

of San Pedro, Cal., R. Arnold, 540 Mebbitt, E., American Physical Society, 330, Metcalf, M. M., Mutation and Selection, 74 Metcalf's Evolution Catechism, O. F. CooK, 31 Meteorology, The New Cosmical, F. H. Bigel

30; Current Notes on, R. DeC. Ward, '.

236, 353, 395, 555, 740, 801 Metric System, A. C. Lane, 389; W. Le C. 5

VENS, 534; W. Kent, 767; A. G. Webster, Michelson, A. A., Light Waves, C. E. M., 380 Michigan Academy of Science, R. Pearl, 787 Miller, D. C, Physics at the Am. Assoc., 201 Miller, G. A., San Francisco Section of the 2

Math. Soc, 148, 855 ^NfiLLS, W., Comparative Psychology, 745 Minnesota, Seaside Station, 67G; Acad, of 6

H. Gale, 855 MiNOT, C. S., Elizabeth Thompson Sci. Fund, Miron, F., Geology of Economic Minerals, G.

K., 261 Montana, Resources of, ^I. J. Elrod, 777 Morgan, T. H., on Evolution and Adaptation,

T. Cunningham, 74; B. Dean, 221 MosELEY, E. L., Ohio State Acad, of Sci., 736 Museimis and Popular Culture, 610 Mutation and Selection, M. M. Metcalf, 74

Namatogtcan or Epigsan, W. H. Dall, 926

National Academy of Sciences, 698

Natural and Unnatural History, W. H. Da\

667 Nature Study, E. C. Case, 550 Nebraska Academv of Sciences, R. M. Wolco

925 Needham; J. G., College Entrance Requiremei

650 Newcomb, H. T., The Labor Problem, 46 Newcombe, F. C., Research Club, University

Michigan, 73, 791 Newstead, R., Coccidae of the British Isles, T.

A. Cockerell, 501 Nichols, E. F., Convocation Week, 340 Nichols, E. L., Convocation Week, 192 Nitrogen, Atmospheric, J. F. Crowell, 197 Nomenclature, of Fungi, F. S. Earle, 508; ]

rors in, B. G. Wilder, 798 NoRRis, H. W., Iowa Acad. Sci.. 790 Noyes on Physical Science, E. H. Loomis, 102

O., H. F., Recent Zoopaleontology, 35, 270

Observatory, U. S. Naval, 154

Ohio. State Acad, of Sci., E. L. Moseley, 73

Teachers of Mathematics, 796 Onondaga Acad, of Sci., T. C. Hopkins, 262; J.

KiRKWOOD, 584, 619, 925 Ornitliological Club, Michigan, A. W. Blain, J

108 Osborn, H. F., Karl Alfred von Zittel, 186 Osgood, W. H., Biological Society of Washingtc

546, 615, 700, 857

Nbw skkies».1 Vou XIX. J

SCIENCE.

Vll

Ostwald, Wilhelm, P. Walden, H. C. Jones, 821; Chemie, L. Kahlenbebo, 854

Palache, C, Mineralogy in the Int. Catalogue of

Sci. Literature, 334 Paleontological Notes, F. A. L., 436 Palmer's Index Generum Mammalium, J. A. A.,

498 Parasite of Yellow Fever, H. W. Robinson, 29 Pearl, R., Mich. Acad, of Science, 787 Pel^ Club, 566; Tower, A. Heilprin, 800; Spine,

G. K. Gilbert. 927 Pepper, G. H., Anthropology at the Am. Assoc.,

449 Pettis, C. R., Albino Brook Trout, 867 Philosophical Society, of Washington, C. K. Wead,

23, 226, 428, 646, 660, 735, 796, 922; Amer- ican, 541, 713 Physical, Society, Am., E. Merritt, 330, 542; E.

B. Rosa, 888; Laboratory, National, 708 Physics, at the Amer. Assoc, D. C. Miller, 201;

Teaching of, H. Crew, 481; College, J. S.

Stevens, 832 Physiology in the International Catalogue of Sci-

entihc Literature, F. S. Lee, 886 PiLSBBY, H. A., Tertiary Fauna of Florida, W. H.

Dall, 613 Plant, Morphology and Physiology, Society for,

W. F. GanoNg, 413; Food, Water Soluble, H.

Sntdeb, 834 Polyodon, I., G. Wagner, 554 Psychologists, Experimental, Meeting of, 659 Psychology, Comparative, W. Mills, 745

Quotations, 268, 612, 961

Radium, the Scintillations of, R. W. Wood, 195 Raphides of Calcium Oxalate, H. W. Wiley, 434 Rehder, A., The Honeysuckles, N. L. Britton, 145 Remsen, I., Scientific Investigation and Progress, I Research, Club, Univ. Mich., F. C. Newcombe, 73,

791 ; in State Universities, I. C. Russell, 841 Rhizoctonia, G. G. Hedocock, 268 Rhoads, S. N., Mammals of Pa., and N. J., W. H.

Osgood, 576 Rhythms of CO, Production - during Cleavage, E.

P. Lyon, 350 Rice, W. N., Convocation Week, 548 Rice, W. N., Christian Faith and Science, R. M.

W., 949 Richards, J. W., Advance of Electro-chemistry,

905 Richards, T. W., Convocation Week, 263 Rideal, S., Disinfection and Preservation of Food,

H. W. Wiley, 731 Right and Left-eyedness, G. M. Goltld, 591 Robinson, H. W., Parasite of Yellow Fever, 29 Rocks of the Watkins Glen Triangle, H. S. W., 234 Rosa, E. B., American Physical Society, 888;

Bureau of Standards, 937 Rubber- producing Plant, W. P. Cockerell, 314 Russell, I. C, Research in State Universities,

841; Geology of Harriman Expedition, 783,

862 RrssELL, J. E., Convocation Week, 311 Rutherford, E., on Radium, 899.

St. T^uis Acad, of Sci , 504, 587, 660

Scaurs on the River Rogue, M. S. W. Jefferson,

loO ScHALLER, W. T., Tourmaline in S. Cal., 266

SOHOONHOVEN, J. J., James Hyatt, 635 Schweinitz, £. A. de, 356, 595 Science, Editorial Committee of, 77; Club of Wellesley, Col., G. Lanqford, 339; Fund, Elizabeth Thompson, C. S. Minot, 364; The Study of, 476; Club of the University of Mississippi, Aij'Red Hume, 759; Nature and Criticism, Wm. J. Long, 760 Sciences, National Academy of, 698 Scientific, Investigation and Progress, I. Remsen, 1; Books, 22, 64, 102, 145, 188, 221, 298, 333, 376, 426, 455, 498, 638, 575, 613, 656, 694, 730, 757, 783, 821, 854, 885, 917, 949; Notes and News, 38, 77, 116, 156, 198, 238, 275, 316, 357, 397, 437, 477, 516, 557, 597, 636, 677, 711, 741, 772, 805, 836, 869, 900, 931, 966; Journals and Articles, 67, 103, 147, 190, 226, 260, 303, 334, 381, 427, 457, 502, 541, 678, 616, 659, 698, 732, 823, 855, 920, 968; So- cieties, Affiliated, Meeting at Philadelphia, 100; Literature, Int. Catalogue, 66, 147, 334, 860, 886; Positions in the Philippines, 770. ScoFiELD, C. S., Botanical Soc. of Wasnington, 823 Scott, W. E. D., The Inheritance of Song, 164,

967; Rearing Wild Finches, 651 Secretions, Odoriferous, A. F. Conradi, 393 Seeds, Climate and Soil, W. W. Tracy, Jr., 738 Seidell, A., Chemical Society of Washington, 25,

306, 429, 583, 618, 768 Serrell, E. W., Flying Machine in the Army, 952 Sex Determination in Bees and Ants, W. E.

Castle, 389 Shattuck, G. B. Section E of the Am. Assoc.

and Geol. Soc. of America, 521 Shedd, J. C, The Word Barometer, 108 Sheep, Multi-nipple, A. G. Bell, 767 Sherman, H. C, N. Y. Section of the Am. Chem.

Soc., 68, 227, 618, 698, 923 Shiver, F. S., Clemson College Science Club, 263,

382, 686, 660 Skinner, E. B., Wisconsin Acad, of Sci., 191 Slate, F., Energetics and Mechanics, 510 Smith, F., Am. Soc. of Zoologists, 221 Smith, H. M., Fish New to Florida Waters, 314 Smith, J. C, Animal Parasite of Yellow Fever,

314 Smithsonian Institution, 273, 514 Smoke Prevention, C. H. Benjamin, 488 Snyder, H., Water Soluble Plant Food, 834 Social and Economic Science at the Am. Assoc.,

J. F. Crowell, 281 Societies and Academies, 23, 67, 104, 148, 191, 225, 262, 304, 335, 381, 428, 541, 578, 615, 669, 733, 758, 787, 823, 888, 921, 950 Soil Work in the U. S., E. W. Hiloard, 233;

F. K. Cameron, 343; C. G. Hopkins, 626 Solar Research, Expedition for, 964 Sollas, W. J. and I. B. J., Palaeospondylus, Bash- ford Dean, 425 Song, Inheritance of, \X. E. D. Scott, 164, 967 Special Articles, 30, 110, 151, 196, 234, 266, 314, 350, 392, 435, 468, 505, 551, 591, 629, 675, 704, 738, 767. 798, 834, 862, 893, 927, 957 Spencer, Herbert, Autobiography, L. F. Ward, 873 Spillman, W. j.. Horticultural Varieties of Com- mon Crops, 34 Spitzka, E. a., a Hea\nr Japanese Brain, 899 Standards, Bureau of, E. B. Rosa, 937 Ste.txf«er, L., Strictures on American Biologists, 371

VIU

SCIENCE.

CCONTEMlt Inde:

Stevens, J. S., College Physics, 832

Stevens, \V. Le C, Convocation Week, 192; The

Metric System, 534 Stii-es, C. W., Convocation Week, 384 Sumner, F. R., Woods Hole Laboratory of Bureau

of Fisheries, 241

Taylor, R. S., Levees, Outlets and Reservoirs in the Mississippi Valley, 601

Theobald, F. V., Economic Zoology, F. H. Chit- tenden, 65; F. M. Webster, 767; Mosqui- toes, L. 0. Howard, 333

Thorium, C. Baskebviixe, 892

Tides and Currents at Sea, R. A. Harris, 704

Time, Sense of, R. MacDougall, 707

Titles of Papers, H. H. Wilder, 468; C. Basker- VILLE, 702; F. A. B., 702

Torrey Botanical Club, F. S. Earle, 71, 309; M. A. Howe, 793; T. E. Hazen, 824

Tourmaline in S. Cal., W. T. Schaller, 266

Tracy, Jr., W. W., Influence of Climate and Soil on Seeds, 738

Transeau, £. N., Palisade Tissue and Resinous Deposits in Leaves, 866

Traphagen, F. W., Death Gulch, 632

Traquair, R. H., Lower Devonian Fishes, Bash- ford Dean, 64

Trelease, W., Degrees for Scientific Work, 809

Trowbridge, C. C, Astronomy, Physics and Chem- istry, N. Y. Acad, of Sci., 226, 582, 825

Tuberculosis, Royal Commission on, 929

Tuckermann, A., Literature of the Spectroscope, C. E. M., 380

Underwood, L. M., Cryptogam ic Botany of Harri-

man Expedition, 917 University and Educational News, 40, 80, 120, 160,

200, 240, 280, 320, 360, 400, 440, 479, 519, 560,

599. 640, 680, 712, 744, 775, 808, 840, 871, 904-,

936, 968

Van Hise, C. R., Degrees for Scientific Work, 812 Vaughan, T. W., Zoology in the International

Catalogue of Sci. Literature, 860 Vegetable Balls, W. F. Ganono, 591; J. Adams,

926 Verwom, M., Allgemeine Physiologic, F. 8. Lee,

189 Vitalism and Mechanism in Biology and Medicine,

S. J. Meltzer, 18

W., H. S., Classification of the Rocks of the Wat- kins Glen Triangle, 234

W., R. M., Christian Faith and Science, W. N. Rice, 949

Wagner, G., Polvodon, I., 554

Walden, P., Wilhelm Ostwald, H. C. Jones, 821

Waldo, C. A., Mathematics and Engineering, 321

Ward, L. F., Positive Philosophy of Aug

Comte, L. LfivY-BtfUHL, 376; Herbert S

cer's Autobiography, 873 W^ARD, R. DeC, Current Notes on Meteorol

115, 236, 353, 395, 555, 740, 801 W^ater Supply of the Rio Grande, F. S. Dei*

baugh, 505 Wead, C. K., Philosophical Society of Washing

23, 225, 428, 546, 660, 736, 796, 022; C

logue of Musical Instruments, 426 Webber, H. J., Botanical Society of Washing

71, 337 W^ebster, a. G., The Metric System, 860 Webster, F. M., Theobald on Economic Zool

757 Websteb, F. S., Biology, Acad, of Sci. and .

Pittsburg, 191, 585, 827 Weeks, F. B., Geology in the Int. Catalogue of

Literature, 66 Weld, L. G., Mathematics and Astronomy at

Am. Assoc., 161 Weysse, a. W., Animal Behavior, 955 Wheeler, A. S., Elisha Mitchell Scientific Soci

. 429, 687, 760 Wheeler, W. M., Woodcock Surgery, 347; Ca

and the Dzierzon Theory, 587 W^iLDER, B. G., Errors in Nomenclature, 798 Wilder, H. H., On Titles for Papers, 468 Wiley, H. W., Convocation Week, 230; Raphi

of Calcium Oxalate, 434; Disinfection i . Preservation of Food, S. Rideal, 731 Wisconsin, University, Science Club, V. Len£

149, 339, 620, 759, 832; Acad, of Sci., E.

Skinner, 191 WoLOOTT, R. H., Nebraska Academy of Scien

925 Wood, R. W., The Scintillations of Radium, Woodcock Surgery, W. M. Wheeler, 347 Woods Hole Laboratory of Bureau of Fisher

F. R. Sumner, 241 Woodward, C. M., Convocation Week, 312

,X., University of Cincinnati and its Presider 661

\ellow Fever, Animal Parasite of, H. W. Rob SON, 29; J. C. Smith, 314

Zinc in Invertebrates, H. C. Bradley, 196 Zittel, Karl Alfred v., H. F. Osborn, 186 Zoologists, Am. Soc. of, Frank Smith, 221 Zoology, at the Am. Assoc., C. J. Herrick, 2! International Congress, 474; in the Int. Ca logue of Sci. Literature, T. W. Vaughan. i Zoopaleontology, Recent, H. F. O., 35, 270; C.

Eastman, 396 Zygospore Formation, A. F. Blakeslee, 864

SCIENCE

A WEEKLY JOURNAL DEVOTED TO THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE, PUBLISHING THE OFFICIAL NOTICES AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION

FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE.

Friday, January 1, 1904.

CONTENTS:

The American Association for the Advancement of Science : Scientific Investigation and Progress: President Ira Remsen 1

The Twentieth Century Botany: Bevebly T.

GaLIjOWAT 11

Vitalism and Mechanism in Biology and Medicine : Db. S. J. Melzeb 18

Scientific Books:

Davison's Mammalian Anatomy: J. P. McM. 22

Societies and Academies:

The Philosophical Society of Washington: Charles K. Weed. Geological Society of Washington: Ajlfbed H. Bbooks. Chemical Society of Washington: A. Seidell. Biolog- ical Society of Washington: F. A. Lucas. Anthropological Society of Washington: Db. Walter Hough 23

Discussion and Correspondence:

The Animal Parasite supposed to he the Cause of Yellow Fever : Db. H. W. Robinson 29

Shorter Articles:

The New Cosmical Meteorology: Db. Fbank H. Bioelow. Horticultural Varieties of Common Crops: Db. W. J. Spillman 30

Rccen t Zoopa Icon tology :

Field Expeditions during the Past Season:

H. F. O 35

Botanical Notes:

The Missouri Botanical Garden; An Ele- mentary Journal of Mycology; Some Recent Papers on Systematic Botany; Chemistry of Plant and Animal Life: Pbofessob Charles E. Bessey 36

The Carnegie Institution 37

Scientific Notes and News 38

University and Educational News 40

H8S. Intended for pnblloatton and booki, ete.. Intended for xeTlew ihonld be lent to the Editor of Scixncb, Garrl- ■on-on-Hndion, N. Y.

SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATION AND PROGRESS*

At the weekly services of many of our churches it is customary to begin with the reading of a verse or two from the Scrip- tures for the purpose, I suppose, of put- ting the congregations in the proper state of mind for the exercises which are to fol- low. It seems to me we may profit by this example, and accordingly I ask your atten- tion to Article I. of the Constitution of the American Association for the Advance- ment of Science, which reads thus: * The objects of the association are, by periodical and migratory meetings, to promote inter- course between those who are cultivating science in different parts of America, to give stronger and more general impulse and more systematic direction to scientific research, and to procure for the labors of scientific men increased facilities and a wider usefulness.'

The first object mentioned, you will ob- serve, is * to promote intercourse between those who are cultivating science in dif- ferent parts of America ' ; the second is * to give a stronger and more general im- pulse and more systematic direction to sci- entific research * ; and the third is * to pro- cure for the labors of scientific men in- creased facilities and a wider usefulness.' Those who are familiar with the history of the association are well aware that it has served its purposes admirably, and I ai^ inclined to think that those who have been

Address of the retiring president of the Ameri- can Association for the Advancement of Science, St. Louis meeting, December 28, 1903.

2

SCIENCE.

[N. S. Vol. XIX. No. 4

in the habit of attending the meetings will agree that the object which appeals to them most strongly is the promotion of in- tercourse between those who are cultivat- ing science. Given this intercourse and the other objects will be reached as a neces- sary consequence, for the intercourse stim- ulates thought, and thought leads to work, and work leads to wider usefulness.

While in 1848, when the association was organized and the constitution was adopted, there was a fair number of good scientific investigators in this country, it is certain that in the half century that has passed since then the number of investi- gators has increased very largely, and nat- urally the amount of scientific work done at present is very much greater than it was at that time. So great has been the increase in scientific activity during recent years that we are apt to think that by com- parison scientific research is a new acquisi- tion. In fact there appears to be an im- pression abroad that in the world at large scientific research is a relatively new thing, for which we of this generation and our immediate predecessors are largely respon- sible. Only a superficial knowledge of the history of science is necessary, however, to show that the sciences have been developed slowly, and that their beginnings are to be looked for in the very earliest times. Everything seems to point to the conclu- sion that men have always been engaged in efforts to learn more and more in regard to the world in which they find themselves. Sometimes they have been guided by one motive and sometimes by another, but the one great underlying motive has been the desire to get a clearer and clearer under- standing of the universe. But besides this there has been the desire to find means of increasing the comfort and happiness of the human race.

A reference to the history of chemistry will serve to show how these motives have

operated side by side. One of the fii great incentives for working with chemic things was the thought that it was possil to convert base metals like lead and copp into the so-called noble metals, silver aj gold. Probably no idea has ever ope ated as strongly as this upon the minds men to lead them to undertake chemic experiments. It held control of intellectn men for centuries and it was not un* about a hundred years ago that it lost i hold. It is very doubtful if the pure scientific question whether one form matter can be transformed into anoth would have had the power to control tJ activities of investigators for so long time; and it is idle to speculate upon th subject. It should, however, be borne mind that many of those who were engage in this work were actuated by a desire put money in their purses— a desire th is by no means to be condemned withoi reserve, and I mention it not for the pu pose of condemning it, but to show that motive that we sometimes think of as pec liarly modern is among the oldest knoi« to man.

When the alchemists were at work upc their problems, another class of chemis were engaged upon problems of an entire! different nature. The fact that substance obtained from various natural sources ar others made in the laboratory produ< effects of various kinds when taken in1 the system led to the thought that thei substances might be useful in the trea ment of disease. Then, further, it wi thought that disease itself is a chemic] phenomenon. These thoughts, as is ev dent, furnish strong motives for the invei tigation of chemical substances, and tl science of chemistry owes much to tl work of those who were guided by thes motives.

And so in each period as a new thougl has served as the guide we find that me

January 1, 1904.]

SCIENCE.

have been actuated by diflferent motives, and often one and the same worker has been under the influence of mixed motives. Only in a few cases does it appear that the highest motives alone operate. We must take men as we find them, and we may be thankful that on the whole there are so many who are impelled by one motive